Care & wash

You will find useful details concerning ›care›combination possibilities or ›folding instructions – which can be helpful, especially at the beginning. On top of that additional tips and tricks can be found in ›special cases and in the › treasure trove of experience from our customers. But first: pads and pantyliners without wings stay well in close-fitting underware because cotton on cotton prevents them from slipping. For underware that is wide-cut or made out of slippery fabrics we recommend our models with wings.

Possibilities to combine

The manifold possibilities to combine Kulmines enable a precise adaption to your individual needs without having a huge range of products at home.

In the past our pantyliners used to be thicker to ensure a higher protection. Today we are following the wish of our customers for slimmer pantyliners. However, if you are in need of a higher protection, for example to react to different flow intensities, this can be ensured by using several pantyliners at once or combining them with cloth pads.

The following combinations are especially useful

  • If you want to have a fresh surface more often, you can easily use the classic model as a top layer and exchange it for a fresh one while the basic protection beneath stays the same and can be used further on.
  • If you seldom have a stronger flow, you can use the Kulmines individually when having a weak flow and combine two or more when having a stronger flow.
  • If you are in need of a longer model, you can create a long protection by combining two cloth pads. In this case a foldable cloth pad is well suited, for example a cloth pad maxi foldable, which can be used in its long version by folding it accordingly.


  • A classic model beneath (or on top) one with wings.
  • A classic model between the layers of a foldable one.
  • A foldable model beneath (or on top) one with wings.
  • Or even two classic models on top of each other.
  • Kulmines can even be used as an overlay on conventional products just to ensure skin contact with natural materials (for example in cases of incontinence or childbed).
  • The model “mini classic”, especially the cloth pad version, is very well suited to increase protection, due to its smaller shape it fits nicely between other models

Folding instructions

Models with wings can be folded for transport with the clean side on the outside:

The form of the pantyliner mini with wings can be changed by turning the press stud to achieve a small end so they can fit into thongs:

By using different folding widths and directions a foldable model can be used in different length or thickness depending on individual needs:

General care instructions

Laundry instructions for pantyliners which are used as cloth safeguard are pretty short: Wash them as you would wash the rest of your laundry. Just take care of the different instructions for cotton and silk.

How easily blood is washed out differs from woman to woman.
Many women can just put their used Kulmines directly into the laundry and even the natural colored models will become spotlessly clean. Some women need one additional step to clean their pad (especially in case of spotting). Those women often prefer the crimsonraspberry or night blue coloured models.

The following instructions and tips will hopefully provide you with a way of handling that suits you well.

Drying on the clothesline

Pull into shape and smooth out. Then

  • clip them on the short side,
  • lay them on top of the lines,
  • or hang them along your preferred folding position.


Cotton models tolerate almost everything. Hot washing as well as the dryer or lying on the radiator. They can even be washed in huge washing machines (for example in retirement homes).

They can be:

  • washed up till 60°C (however, most women are satisfied with 40°C), natural white fabrics even with 95°C
  • ironed hot and
  • put into the tumble dryer.
  • In most cases coloured models can be washed together with bright colors without any troubles (slight discoloring was reported only in connection to our blue cloths).
  • With the first laundry slight pilling can occur which helps to keep the pads in place.
  • With the first laundry the model can shrink in length: flannel ca. 5%, molleton ca. 8%.


The healing effect of silk pantyliners is due to the fact that it contains sericin. If not washed according to the laundry instructions the sericin may be washed out. Being unprocessed the silk may have a slight odour (similar to unprocessed wool) while it is wet, which will not last when dried.

To ensure long durability of this valuable material we recommend:

  • Wash at 40°C – hand wash for optimal durability.
  • Do not tumble dry, minimum iron.
  • Wash with detergent for woolen or silken fabrics, which doesn’t include enzymes. Ordinary laundry detergent is alkaline and is not suitable as the silk will become brittle. Due to the same reason you should refrain from soaking the silk in soap suds.
  • The pantyliners can be put into socks or bags for additional protection during laundry.
  • The silk shouldn’t be exposed to direct sunlight as this may cause brittleness as well.
  • Due to calcareous water the silk can become stiff. Scrunshing it a bit will make it soft and cuddly again.
  • After several washing cycles shrinkage of up to 5 cm may occur.

Travel, stains and co – hints for special cases

When you are out and about you can fold your pad or pantyliner with the clean side outwards, carry it within a water-repellent bag and wash it at home.
Especially suited for a discrete, odourless transport are small, water-repellent toilet bags or ziplocs.
We receive many travel reports from our customers who have their Kulmines with them. While travelling you can wash your Kulmines by hand.  If your stash is big enough you can rinse them by hand and machine wash them later. Some women don’t even need to rinse them to achieve clean pads.
Most women accept the slight increase in effort after having experienced our Kulmine products for the first time.

First check if your water contains a lot of chalk – if so, use water softener to avoid stains.

The menstrual blood of every woman is different and it changes its composition continuously (see reports TCM and Ayurveda). Most of our longtime customers wash with biological detergent at 60°C; those pads are over 20 years old and without stains.
It happens that menstrual blood cannot be removed spotless. If this happens there are different possibilities, which can be combined if needed:

  • Soak immediately after usage in cold water until you do you laundry. If needed change water daily to avoid possible odour,
  • add salt to the soak water (softens water),
  • put ox-gall soap onto the Kulmine before the laundry,
  • add washing soda to the laundry.
  • After usage rinse until water stays clear, then let it dry and add to the next laundry or
  • after washing spray citric acid onto the pads and place them into the sunshine.
  • When having problems to get rid of stains, women tend to go for the red models in our product lines.
  • Soapnuts haven’t prooven themselves, they can not really handle menstrual stains.

One of the characteristics of Kulmine products is that they don’t develop odour during usage. However, if you get aware of an unpleasant smell of your blood, it might turn out to be useful to trace the source. Sometimes it is simply an imbalance of the vaginal flora (caused by skin bacteria) which can be easily adjusted by lactic acid or lactic acid bacteria. If the smell should continue, please consult your doctor.
In the soaking water an unpleasant smell can develop (especially during summer time) if the water isn’t changed often enough. If you want to avoid soaking during hot seasons, feel free to test if brief soaking just before the laundry or only rinsing is satisfying for you.

Field-report from Nina, our voluntary contributor:
“I didn’t care about my Kulmines having slight stains after laundry; they still felt clean to my touch.
However, due to a recommendation from Petra Sood I just recently visited a capable doctor, who is working accordingly to traditional Chinese medicine. I wanted to give it a try if the pain in my feet, which I experienced for several years, can be relieved by TCM-treatment. During the exhaustive first anamnesis a lot of questions concerning my menses were asked. The herb mixture, which was combined according  to my needs, did also contain herbs for my menses. What happened then hit me unprepared: All my spotting (usually one day at the beginning and up to three days at the end) just disappeared. My menstruation started directly with a strong red flow and ended after three days from one moment to another. (Luckily this lessened slightly again, I like it when I can slowly adapt to my menses.)
However, the most exciting thing happened when I washed my Kulmines: Since I only have red and no brown blood anymore my Kulmines are becoming perfectly clean. My spotting hasn’t really bothered me; I would have never gone to the doctor due to this. But there may be cases with greater dimensions that are assumed difficult. In such a case or if you are only curious how menses can change I would recommend to attend a capable TCM doctor.”

Another possible reason for persistent stains or odour:
“Sound menstrual blood is red, doesn’t cause permanent stains and has no off odours. There are methods to evaluate the health status of a woman based on her menstrual blood. Normally the colour of the blood should be red and not blackish. If you are healthy, the blood will cause no permanent stains. Sound blood doesn’t smell either. Blackish blood indicates an excessive Vata. Blood, which leaves stains, indicates an excessive Kapha, and off odour is an indication for an excessive Pitta.”
From Vinod Verma, Kamasutra für Frauen, 1994, Scherz Verlag, page 61.

If you have the impression this kind of perception suits you, contact an ayurvedic therapist.

Tips & tricks

During the last 20 years of Kulmines existence, a lot of different tips and tricks have been shared by customers. Others we discovered on our own during development and through our own experience. Those little beans of knowledge are collected here.
Additional hints can be found in ›my selection.

For what are our cloth pads and pantyliners used otherwise by our customers?

  • A lot of women and some men are using our Kulmines in case of slight bladder weakness. In case of bladder weakness they place the cloth pad on top of a conventional pad to enable skin contact to natural material.
  • Increasingly Kulmines are used as a back-up for Lunette or Levant sponge.
  • They are also suited to absorb vaginal salve, gel and medicine, or to enable those to take effect on the vulvina as well.
  • During winter time Kulmines offer additional protection against the cold.
  • While riding on a bike or a horse Kulmines are used to avoid pressure marks or excoriation.
  • As flannel, for example during menses or if there is no chance for a shower (e.g. during long duration flights). Remark: For this you can now also revert to our Kulmine wash mitt.
  • The high absorption rate lets the Kulmine turn into the optimal emergency sponge, e.g. in cases of spilt beverages.
  • The foldable cloth pad maxi+ can be used as an inlay for diapers.
  • Put them moist into the freezer to use them as cooling inlays. For example after an episiotomy or in case of infectious swelling. 

Tips from our customers

  • „“When wearing wingless pantyliners in broad panties, they can be hold in place with leukosilk or small safety pins.”
  • “I would like to share the tip to wear the pad rather in the front. Just so that it seems the Kulmine is far far off. In my case the last third of the Kulmine is then placed in the middle of the underpants and nothing shifts, it just stays at its place until the evening. Additional I can easily get hold on it when I go to the toilet.”
  • “I discovered that mini models with wings are fitting quite well into wide panties – they just push the base a little bit together, which doesn’t make a difference.”
  • “I have a remark on the shifting: in my cotton panties the Kulmines just retain perfectly, in my sporty merino panties they shift unfortunately.”
  • Wearing Kulmines in case of bladder infections is perceived as pleasant. A customer states: “They warm so nicely, are wonderful soft and provide a sense of security. I just feel like doing something good for me this way, when I am so vulnerable during the bladder infection – this is healing in any case.”