Material & manufacturing

Cotton Kulmines, are made of ›flanell and are made of › 100% certified organic cotton. The fabrics we use and their ›colouring correspond to ›IVN Best , the highest standard worldwide for organic textiles. They do not contain a ›waterproof layer made out of synthetic fabric. Our coloured cloth pads are made are made with a core of natural coloured ›molleton cotton kbA. ›silk-Kulmine silk cloths are made from peace silk and ›kontrolliert biologischer Tierhaltung.
The combination of different fabrics creates an optimal balance between best wearing comfort, permeability of the outer layers and an ›absorbency in its core
cloth pads and pantyliners (formerly “Die Vivas”) have been produced by hand in our family business based in Osnabrück, Germany since 1993.



Kulmine flannel is a cotton fabric, one side soft, one side plain and rough. The cloth is soft and of high quality. Unlike many other manufacturers, our supplier doesn’t use any so-called noils for his beaver quality. Noils are short cotton fibres, which are combed out in the production process of silk, for instance, as they are too short for this quality. The avoidance of these noils increases the strength and durability of the fabric and prevents knot formation, the so-called pilling.
After washing, the surface of the cotton cloth pads is not so smooth anymore due to the pilling. As a consequence, the cloth is very soft, absorbent and it also provides additional support against shifting.
We use it for our pantyliner and pads but also for our new fine cloths for body and household care.
The fabric shrinks around 5 % lengthwise when first washed. If washed as recommended the condition of the fabric does not change anymore after the first washing.


Molleton fabric provides for the high absorbency of Kulmine cloth pads and pantyliners. Our molleton products correspond to the same quality (100 % certified organic and IVN BEST) as our other fabrics. It is used as the core of our cloth pads, our new nursing pads and our fine cloths for body and household care.
This fabric shrinks around 8% lengthwise when first washed.


For our handkerchiefs we use a superfine but handy fabric with a smooth surface to avoid irritation of sensitive skin. At the same time this fabric is woven so densely that liquids are being absorbed without soaking through as is the case for conventional cloth handkerchiefs.


All our fabrics are processed without optical brighteners. The coloured fabrics are being coloured in Germany according to IVN Best guidelines, the strictest requirements for natural textiles worldwide. This standard is much higher than Ökotex 100 or GOTS.
We use reactive colouring with special chemical compounds to make the colouring process particularly fast.  Data sheets indicating the ingredients of the colour formula can be obtained from the respective certification authority (in our case IMO) in Switzerland.
Some colourings seem to enclose the fabric fibres more than others. Thus, the flannel in turquoise or night blue, for example, is slightly less soft than the flannel in caramel or crimson. However, this has no effect on the function of the cloth pads. It might be a little more difficult to get the dust out of the respective dusters though.
We would prefer to offer purely vegetable coloured fabrics, but as these cannot be washed so hot, they do not meet our demands on hygiene and colour fastness.


Our demands on our silk have increased and that’s why we are currently switching suppliers. Looking for a new supplier we came across a valuable silk (peace silk, non-violent), which is currently not always available due to its complex production process. 
To make it easier for you to identify our silk models, we mark them with the following symbol: ॐ.

This quality silk is obtained from the short end of the cocoon. The strings are spun into a thick yarn, where the sericin stays in the string. This is how this fabric gets its rough surface structure (similar to a fine canvas), which supports its grip in the underwear. Sericin, also called silk gum, is the substance which provides for the healing effect of our silk: it contains a variety of particularly concentrated amino acids (above all serin, aspargin and glycine), which are important for cell regeneration, the connective tissue, the immune system and the moisture balance of the skin.

Those who want to profit from the healing effect of this fabric for a long time should refrain from hot wash, strong detergents and ironing. Please pay special attention to our washing and care instructions and our purchase recommendation.

Press studs

We close our Kulmines with wings with press studs made from nickel-free brass.
They are very small and not bulky. They have a smooth, high closing force and a gentle handling. They are equipped with an additional intermediate layer of fabric in order to prevent from tearing.


IVN Best

This standard, which is primarily known in the European area, far exceeds the EU legislation. It is currently the standard with the highest realisible requirements for ecological textiles. Since 2000, BEST has met the guidelines for natural textiles developed by the International Association of Natural Textiles Industry (IVN) and displayed the whole production chain, in both ecological and socially responsible terms. A limited product range is knowingly accepted.
For more information, see the consumer information provided by IVN Best. 

Controlled organic cultivation – kbA

Our organic cotton comes from partner projects of our supplier in Kyrgyzstan and Uganda. As cotton plants need a great deal of water to grow, regions with sufficient rainfall are selected as growing areas. Guaranteed purchase provides financial security for farmers and illustrates the appreciation of them and their work. The decision to do without a middleman enables us to maintain control over the quality and purity of the organic cotton.


Organic Cotton means:

  • compliance with EU guidelines for organic farming
  • no genetically modified cotton
  • organic plant protection instead of using pesticides
  • natural fertilizers instead of artificial fertilizers
  • protection of valuable ground water
  • a higher yield per hectare than conventional cotton growing can generate
  • no soil erosion through monocultures: due to crop rotation with other seeds, the fertility of the soil can be guaranteed and improved in the long term.

Controlled Biological Livestock – kbT

Our peace silk comes from India: The producing project is certified according to GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) and the silk fibres are obtained according to the norms of controlled biological livestock.

It also means:

  • compliance with EU guidelines for biological farming
  • optimal adaption to climatic and living conditions of the region
  • species-appropriate sericulture in harmony with nature
  • no feeding of genetically modified plants
  • no use of hormones and antibiotics
  • non-treated, pesticide-free food for the silkworms


We are proud to say that our silk comes from non-violent sericulture (peace silk) – the cocoon is not processed until the butterfly hatches and leaves the cocoon.


Why do we produce Kulmine products without layers that are waterproof?

Kulmine deliberately avoids layers of polyurethane (PU) that are waterproof.
PU (often referred to as Pul) is a plastic that can lead to overheating and sweating and can therefore cause infections such as candida.

For normal period flows, Kulmine cloth pads are absorbent enough even without PU layer. For extremely heavy period flows, we recommend a combination of several cloth pads or the combination of cloth pads and menstrual cups (Lunette) or sponges.
An additional advantage: Kulmine cloth pads and pantyliners do not rustle while unpacking or wearing.
If you prefer a PU layer, please contact us – we can also produce special editions upon request. (For all cotton models apart from foldable Kulmines).